You might not think a lot about how your air conditioner operates, but it requires refrigerant to keep your residence fresh. This refrigerant is bound by environmental regulation, as it contains chemicals.

Subject to when your air conditioner was added to your home, it may need R-22, R-410A or R-32 refrigerant. We’ll go over the differences and which air conditioner refrigerants are being phased out in Lancaster, as well as how these phaseouts affect you.

What’s R-22 and Why Is It Discontinued?

If your air conditioner was installed before 2010, it possibly contains Freon®. You can find out if your air conditioner has it by calling us at 740-331-4331. You can also examine the name plate on your air conditioner condenser, which is located outside your home. This sticker will include info on what kind of refrigerant your AC has.

Freon, which is also called R-22, includes chlorine. Scientists consider R-22 to be harmful to the earth’s ozone layer and one that leads to global warming. The Environmental Protection Agency, which governs refrigerants in the United States, outlawed its creation and import in January 2020.

Should I Replace My R-22 Air Conditioner?

It varies. If your air conditioning is cooling as designed, you can continue to keep it. With regular air conditioner maintenance, you can expect your air conditioning to run around 15–20 years. However, the Department of Energy notes that substituting a 10-year-old air conditioner could save you 20–40% on summertime cooling bills!

If you don’t install a new air conditioner, it may lead to difficulties if you need air conditioning repair later on, specifically for refrigerant. Repairs may be pricier, since only small levels of recycled and reclaimed R-22 is accessible.

With the discontinuation of R-22, most new air conditioners now have Puron®. Also called R-410A, this refrigerant was developed to keep the ozone layer strong. Because it needs an incompatible pressure level, it doesn’t match air conditioners that need R-22 for cooling.

However, Puron still has the possibility to contribute to global warming. As a result, it could also eventually be discontinued. Although it hasn’t been disclosed yet for residential air conditioners, it’s anticipated sometime this decade.

What Refrigerant Will Take the Place of R-410A?

In preparation of the end, some manufacturers have started using R-32 in new air conditioners. This refrigerant ranks low for global warming likelihood—around one-third less than R-410A. And it also decreases energy use by about 10%, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Fourth Assessment Report. That’s savings that may be sent on to you through your utility expenses.

Fairfield Heating & Cooling Can Provide Support with All Your Air Conditioning Needs

In summary, the modifications to air conditioner refrigerant probably won’t affect you greatly until you have to have repairs. But as we discussed beforehand, refrigerant repairs can be pricier due to the low amounts available.

Not to mention, your air conditioner typically breaks down at the worst time, typically on the warmest day when we’re receiving many other calls for AC repair.

If your air conditioner requires a discontinued refrigerant or is aging, we advise upgrading to an up-to-date, energy-efficient air conditioner. This delivers a stress-free summer and could even decrease your utility expenses, especially if you choose an ENERGY STAR®-rated air conditioner. Plus, Fairfield Heating & Cooling has many financing solutions to make your new air conditioner work with your budget. Contact us at 740-331-4331 to begin right away with a free estimate.